Temporary Protected Status (TPS)
Temporary Protected Status, better known as "TPS", creates a
temporary safe haven in the United States for individuals from certain
designated countries. TPS is different from asylum in that TPS, as the
name implies, is
temporary, whereas the granting of asylum generally results in permanent residency.
Generally, TPS is granted in statuses for 6 to 18 months and is renewable
so long as the country conditions remain the same. An individual granted
TPS is also granted work authorization in the United States during their
stay. A person in TPS status may not be deported during the TPS period.
Further, a person granted TPS can obtain permission to travel abroad,
but generally cannot return to the country they seek protection from.
Eligibility for TPS
In order to be granted TPS, you must establish that you are a national
of a TPS designated country. As of 2015, TPS countries include El Salvador,
Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Liberia, Nicaragua, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan,
South Sudan, Syria and Yemen. Please note that the registration period
for TPS has a start and end date, so it is important to consult an immigration
attorney to determine if you are eligible to register under TPS.
Should I Apply for Asylum or TPS?
Generally, if you are eligible to apply for TPS and have a viable asylum
claim, you should apply for both. Note that if you did not register for
TPS but applied for asylum, you are still eligible to apply for TPS if
your asylum application is denied, even if the TPS registration period ended.