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Bond

Bond is the federal immigration equivalent to bail, as commonly seen in criminal proceedings. Unlike criminal proceedings, courts have found that not everyone is entitled to immediate bond, but there are ways you can increase your chances at winning bond.

Generally, a detained individual will have a bond hearing at their first master calendar hearing. This is not immediate and sometimes, individuals must wait a month or longer before their first bond hearing.

The Bond Hearing

At the bond hearing, the judge will first need to determine if he or she has the authority to release the detained individual on bond. Some individuals are subject to mandatory detention and are not eligible for bond (with the exception of a Rodriguez bond in certain jurisdictions). The manner in which the individual came into ICE custody and the type of crime are some factors considered.

At a bond hearing, two issues are considered:

  1. Danger
  2. Flight risk

In order to win a bond hearing, the judge must be satisfied that you are not a danger to the community and that you do not pose a "flight risk".

Danger

The judge will first look at your convictions, if any. If you were recently convicted of a crime where people may get hurt, such as a DUI, the judge is likely to find that you are a danger to the community.

Factors the judge will consider are:

  • Rehabilitation
  • The length of time since the conviction
  • Repeat convictions of dangerous crimes
  • Evidence to show that you are a changed person and learned from your mistakes

To prove this, the judge will look at:

  • Certificates of achievement
  • Attendance in counseling courses, such as –
    • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
    • Courses for anger management
    • Domestic violence treatment courses
    • And other similar counseling

In the absence of these types of evidence, letters from friends and family discussing how you are changed person and are not a danger to the community are helpful.

Flight Risk

First, the term flight risk does not mean that you will leave the country. Obviously, if you wanted to leave the country, there would be no point to fighting your deportation. The judge wants to know that you will continue attending all immigration court hearings, even if you are out of custody and released on bond.

To prove this, show evidence of the following:

  • Past cooperation with immigration
  • Relations with close family members, such as a spouse or parent who have lawful immigration status
  • Showing that you have a solution to immigration court, to demonstrate that you can win your deportation case

In a bond hearing, like all other hearings in immigration court, credibility is key. Judges don't like liars, or people who do not take responsibility for past bad conduct.

To schedule an initial consultation with us today, don't hesitate to contact us at (949) 478-4963.

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